Category Archives: Italy

Drinking Coffee in Sicily: An Offer I Couldn’t Refuse

coffee cup
Travel and coffee, an excellent combination!

I never used to drink coffee.  In fact, when I was younger I couldn’t even stand the smell of it. Especially when some liquid residue of brewed coffee sat for hours or days on a burner in a workplace break room. But I bought the family an espresso machine for Christmas a couple of years ago and now I am as addicted to the holy bean as anyone.

When traveling, I don’t desperately need a cup of joe as soon as I get up. I can eat a leisurely breakfast and then seek out a café for my espresso and latté caffeine fix. In a pinch, I will go to Starbucks, but I think when overseas it is much better and nicer to find a friendly local place frequented by the natives.

Scopello view
The countryside near Scopello in Sicily.

I recently spent some time touring around the northwest corner of Sicily, just west of Palermo. I stayed in a villa out in the beautiful Sicilian countryside. The fields were full of olive trees and vineyards in one direction, and I had a delightful view of the Mediterranean Sea in the other direction. I ate breakfast every morning on the pool deck outside the house, but since there was no espresso machine (and I refuse to drink brewed coffee), I had to venture out by car to get a latté.

Scopello view of sea
View of a bay on the Mediterranean Sea near Scopello. No sand!

I found a small town called Scopello a few kilometers up the road. Scopello was built in the 16th century on the site of an older Moorish settlement.  The rocky coastline near Scopello is phenomenal with its crystal clear turquoise sea, beautiful bays, and jagged cliffs.  Scopello is located near a nature reserve called Zingaro, which is one of the finest and unspoiled areas of the Mediterranean. Near the town on the Mediterranean coast is an old tuna factory, where tuna was processed up until the 1980s. This region is certainly one of the most beautiful areas in Italy.

Scopello rocks
The famous rocks and old tuna factory of Scopello.

There was a small café in the main square of the town. I wandered in to practice my feeble Italian language skills.

Scopello cafe sign.
A cafe sign in Scopello.

“Un café con leche por favor,” I said to the grandmotherly woman behind the high counter. The old woman was clothed in traditional Sicilian country garb.  She was timeless. What year is this? Being in this town, in this café, with her behind the counter it could be 1850, 1950, or yesterday.

She stared at me with a blank look on her face. Shoot! That’s Spanish. I’m not in Spain. What am I thinking? I have to try again to not look like a dumb American tourist.

Scopello piazza
The Scopello piazza, with the cafe in the background, and a centuries old water trough.

“Un café au lait, s’il vous plaît,” I said.

The blank look had not changed on Grandmama. D’oh! That’s French, brain. Wrong language, wrong country again. What is my problem mixing up what few words I know in Spanish, French and Italian? I loudly cleared my throat and started over.

“Un latte per favore,” I said. I tried to clearly enunciate this phrase so she would understand my request.

Grandmama nodded her head and replied in English: “Yes, sir. A latte for you. Would you like any pastries with that?”

“Uhhhh, yes, please. I would like a chocolate filled croissant.” (They are my favorite).

Scopello baglio
The 800 year old “baglio” of Scopello, an agricultural estate headquarters.

I went into the café in Scopello each of the next few days. Each day I asked Grandmama for un latte e un cornetto al cioccolato. She would smile and rattle off a monologue of Italian back at me. I would not understand anything she said. I would simply nod my head like an idiot and smile back.

One day Grandmama was missing. Maybe it was her day off (I hope she hadn’t died during the night). A burly guy in his mid-30s was behind the counter. He had a New York Yankees baseball cap on his head.

“Un latte e un cornetto al cioccolato per favore,” I said to the man. He looked at me intently and then smiled.

“Sure, man. Coming right up,” said the guy in a strong New York accent.

Scopello chair
If you hang it on the wall you can call it art!

We got to chatting. Of course, he was from New York City; the Bronx in fact. He was born in Sicily but spent many years in the Big Apple. He was probably related to Grandmama somehow and came back to the ancestral home to help out in the café. He was a big Yankees fan so we talked about baseball and why Alex Rodriguez is such a jerk.

His name?

Michael Corleone III


Trouble in Switzerland

“The flight is canceled.” I said. “It’s so typical of the French to go on strike and screw things up for everybody.”

We were supposed to fly to Nice in the south of France to meet up with our former foreign exchange student named Natacha (yes, I know that sounds Russian and not French; she even has a brother named Boris!). The French air traffic controllers had called a three day strike, and Air France had already changed our flight to avoid it. We headed to the airport hoping for the best. The flight was scheduled to leave at 3 pm. It was now 4:30 pm.

“We have two choices.” I said to my wife and daughter. “We can wait until 9pm for the next flight, but that is likely to get canceled too. Or we can go home and come back tomorrow and hope that the Frenchies have found something better to do than continue the strike, like drink wine and eat cheese.” Neither of these sounded good, since we were supposed to meet Natacha at 7pm.

As we were waiting to get our checked bags back from luggage purgatory, I had another idea.

“What about a road trip?” I said. “We can rent a car and drive there. We should be able to get there by midnight.” Munich to Nice by car is 800 kilometers (~500 miles) – about eight hours of driving. “We can call Natacha and tell her we’ll be late.”

“Road trip!” they chanted in reply.

I hiked over to the Sixt counter while the ladies waited for the bags. Since it was peak tourist season and I didn’t have a reservation, there were very few cars available, and all were at outrageous walk-up prices. I ended up getting a brand new Mini Cooper. Cool! I’ve never driven a Mini before. This will be fun!

mini cooper
It looks good!

I also had to rent a GPS unit. I have one of my own, by I had purposefully left it at home since I thought I was going to be flying on a plane, riding in a taxi, and taking the bus on this trip. I had no desire to drive in central Nice.

Suitably outfitted with Mini and GPS, I picked up the girls at the curb outside of the departure door, and quickly discovered my first mistake. The car.

The Mini might be considered a fine automobile if you are by yourself, are taking it across the city to pick up a book at the library, prefer a rock hard suspension, and if you have never driven a real BMW. It is not the right vehicle for a cross-country trip with three people (two of them women), three suitcases, a backpack, a carry-on, a large tourist camera, two purses, snacks, three cell phones, three water bottles, and an iPad. Especially if it is a two-door model.

“Why did you get a two-door?” asked my wife.

“Uhh, it’s what they gave me. It was the only thing available.” I replied. I didn’t admit to forgetting to ask the Sixt woman about this feature.

This Mini didn’t have a trunk. It had a small cubbyhole behind the rear seat. I managed to stuff my backpack and the carry-on into the space and slammed the back door shut. I piled the suitcases into the back seat by wedging them through the space between the front passenger seat and the rear quarter panel. The Mini had about four inches of space on the floor behind the front seats where my daughter, sitting in the back seat, could put her feet. If I sat back there, my knees would cover my ears. She squeezed into the little available space in back while my wife and I claimed the front seats.

I put the clutch in gear and took off into the Munich rush hour traffic. Every time I looked to the left I banged my head on a handle attached to the Mini’s ceiling. I had to crane my neck down to see out of the windshield. If I straightened up my vision included the inside roof of the car. The seat was hard and my legs were cramped after five minutes. Only eight hours to go.

I relied on the GPS to tell me where to go. This would prove to be my second mistake. I managed to set it to speak English instead of German. Das gut!

Switzerland mountains
The Swiss Alps

We left Germany behind and crossed the skinny part of Austria, then raced across Switzerland. The view of the Alps was spectacular while we climbed higher and higher. A few hours later we were getting close to Italy. The sky was darkening. It happens every night.

“Look! There is a tiny mountain village named Splügen!” I called out as I read the road sign. “What do they do in Splügen? Hello, I am from Splügen. Excuse me, I think I just Splügened.” After five hours in the car I found this to be the funniest thing in the world. My wife rolled her eyes. My daughter groaned.

And then we came upon road construction signs indicating the road ahead was closed. We got off the main road and followed a semi in front of us, while peaking at the detour signs as they flashed by. We drove a few hundred meters on a parallel one lane road and then came to an impromptu tee in the road. The semi turned left, but our rental GPS told us to turn right. So I turned right.

Swiss hiking signs
Which way to Italy?

The road wandered down a short valley and then took a hairpin turn to the left and up a slight incline. In a daze I slowed to first gear to take the turn. I cranked the wheel of the go-cart I was driving and scampered around the hairpin. After a hundred meters I was doing it again in the other direction. In my head I was thinking “can this be the right way to go?” I trusted the GPS, it must be right. I was tired, cramped, and cranky. I should have been relaxing in a hotel room on the French Riviera after a stupendous dinner and a bottle of wine. Instead I was manhandling this Mini up a couple of Swiss hairpin curves in the dark.

After three more hairpin turns my decaffeinated brain finally overcame its stupor and kicked into gear. This can’t be the right road. How would the semis handle this? These turns are so tight there isn’t enough room for a truck to make the turn. I had to turn around.

I stopped the car. It was pitch dark outside. I got out to have a look around. From the Mini’s headlights I could barely make out that to my left was a sheer drop off. Depth unknown. There was no guard rail. To my right was a sheer cliff. Height unknown. Then I comprehended that the road was only one lane wide. About 15 feet. There was no way to turn around. There was also no way I was going to back down the road through those hairpin turns. I had to go forward.

I resigned myself to this fate. The safety of my family was at stake. I had horrible visions of TV shows and movies where the car plunges over the side of the mountain road and bursts into flames as it rolls down and down into oblivion. Why do I always run into trouble in Switzerland? (See my other Swiss misadventure here). I vowed never to return, but this time it’s just passing through. Does that count?

hairpin turns in Switzerland
A portion of the road (from Google Earth).

I hunched over the steering wheel, peering into the darkness and praying that no one would be coming down this road from the other side of the mountain. I stayed in first gear, lunging and lurching around each hairpin turn, up and up towards the mountain peak. I lost count of how many times I spun the wheel first one way and then back again.

After what seemed like an eternity I took the last turn and the road straightened out on top of the mountain. I had made it! I now knew the euphoric feeling that mountaineers get when they reach the summit.

San Bernardino Pass
The top of the pass in daylight.

I passed a deserted café and a tranquil lake. The road then started to descend. What goes up, must go down. I could barely detect the lights of a city in the distance, on the valley floor below. How many hairpin turns away is that place?

For another eternity I crept downward, staying in first gear or coasting in neutral. Down and around, endlessly down and around went the Mini. Until finally the road straightened out and joined a wider road stretching into civilization. We were finally in Italy and I was a nervous wreck. At least we were alive.

I found out later that I had inadvertently driven the San Bernardino Pass road in Graubünden, Switzerland, one of the highest paved roads in Europe. (I was going to say “accidentally” driven, but that sounds bad in this context.) This road was featured in a Top Gear episode where the three guys try to find the best driving road in the world.

I ended up on the mountain road because due to the road construction and the f$%#*$! GPS navigation system I missed the route through the San Bernardino Tunnel. Yes, there is a tunnel through the mountain, which is the easy way to get into Italy on this route.

The top of the pass (at 6,778 feet) is the dividing line between German speakers and Italian speakers and is where the Rhine River basin starts. It is only open in the summer, primarily for mountain hikers. Luckily it was early summer when I was there, so the snow was gone. The route was originally a mule track in the fifteenth century. A road for wheeled vehicles was opened in 1770, and improved in the 1820s.

The bypass tunnel was opened in 1967 to facilitate passage by big trucks and tourists who rent Minis. It is used by all, except for those weary travelers who blindly obey their GPS systems.


In Search of Otzi the Prehistoric Iceman

How often do you get to see someone 5,300 years old?

I was going to be driving from Nice, France to Munich, Germany.  I thought I could go on a route via the Tyrolean Alps in Austria that cut right through the mountain town of Bolzano, Italy.  Bolzano is the site of the South Tyrol Museum of Archeology.  This museum holds the remains of Ӧtzi the Prehistoric Iceman.  I was dying to see him.   I think he was dying to see me, except for the fact that he was already dead.  And frozen.

On the day before my visit to Bolzano, Ӧtzi was in the news again. The latest scientific analysis of his body has finally indicated his cause of death.  Murder!

Otzi and girlfriend
Otzi, the prehistoric iceman, with his new girlfriend.

Ӧtzi was a Neolithic man frozen in a glacier thousands of years ago.  He was found in 1991 by two tourists trekking through the Oetz Valley on the boarder of Austria and Italy.  His body was revealed after the glacier receded.  Analysis of the body showed that he was 46 years old when he died, was about 5 feet, 2 inches tall.  Since his body was frozen in time, scientists have been able to determine many things about who he was, how lived, what he ate for his last meal, and how he died using the latest in genetic and other testing.

Ӧtzi had brown eyes, relatives in Sardinia, Italy, was lactose intolerant, arthritic, and had Lyme’s disease.  He was also predisposed to heart disease, and infested with whipworm, an intestinal parasite.  The contents of his stomach revealed his last meal was venison and ibex meat.  He had a diet of bread and cereal porridge, which when combined with his lack of dental hygiene (including cavities), resulted in his having very bad breath and periodontal disease.

Otzi mumy
Looking good after 5,300 years!












Ӧtzi was found with a bow and arrows, and a copper ax.  His clothes included a cloak made of woven grass, a coat and leggings made from goat skins, and a bear skin cap with a leather chin strap.

A hole in his collarbone suggested he had been hit by an arrow.  The most recent news announced he had been likely killed by a blow to the head.  Perhaps he had been in a fight with a mountain man from another tribe and was shot and then clubbed to death.

His mummy is now kept in a special climate controlled room at the museum.  Visitors can see him by looking through portholes.

old bike in Bolzano
I found Otzi’s bike on a Bolzano side street. He even locked it up before going up the mountain.
Bolzano, Italy street
A street in Bolzano, Italy.

I was interested to see Ӧtzi and learn more about the investigation.  I got to Bolzano on a Monday afternoon.  I checked into my hotel and asked the clerk how late the museum was open.  To my dismay, I learned that the museum was closed on Mondays.  My schedule wouldn’t permit me lingering in the town the next day.  I was disappointed, but explored the town nonetheless.

Apart from the museum, Bolzano is a beautiful mountain town in the Tyrolean Alps.  It has wonderful views of the surrounding mountains, and a pedestrian shopping street in the middle of town perfect for strolling on a summer night.  It was definitely worth stopping in for the night. If you go, and want to see Ӧtzi, don’t go on a Monday.

Bolzano, Italy view.
View of the mountains above Bolzano, Italy.

Living Like a Local on Lake Como

The man on the dock grabbed the boy and thrust him skyward until the boy was sitting on the man’s head.  The boy put his feet on the man’s shoulders, his arms out to the sides like he was a bird.  “Uno, due, tre,” shouted the man and the boy in unison.  The man launched the boy with all of his might.  The boy screamed in delight as he flew through the air and splashed down into the cool waters of the lake. The man looked down to see three more boys in line for their turn at flying.

This went on for a long time until the man finally grew tired and went to take a nap on his lounge chair.  His wife was seated next to him reading an Italian celebrity magazine.  Did George Clooney sell his villa on the lake or not?  Did he break up with his Italian supermodel girlfriend or not? Inquiring minds want to know.

Varenna from the Bellagio ferry
La Dolce Vita in Varenna, Italy

We were staying for a few days in the small fishing village of Varenna, on the shore of Lake Como in northern Italy.  It was time to take a break from traveling and relax for a few days in a small town.  We were living like locals and enjoying the experience immensely.

A lakeside dinner in Varenna.

We took the train from Milan to Varenna.  It was only an hour’s ride, but we entered a totally different environment.  Gone were the big city bustle, the traffic, and the noise.  Here on Lake Como, the views were outstanding, the air was fresh, and the pace of life was peaceful.

A man named Enzo was supposed to meet us at the train station.  We got off the train and didn’t see any men waiting.  Instead, an older woman immediately approached me and asked if I was Steve.  Well, yes, that’s me, how did you guess? (There were very few people getting off the train at this stop.  I think our suitcases gave us away).  I didn’t catch her name and she didn’t speak much English.  I understood from her that she was Enzo’s sister.  Maybe Enzo had gone fishing or something.

We piled our stuff into her tiny car and drove a few blocks to her house.  We had rented an apartment from in an old three story villa on the main road through the town of Varenna.  The apartment was on the first floor, the woman and her family lived on the second floor, and Enzo and his family lived on the third floor.  The house was built into the hillside overlooking the lake.  The garage was carved into a cave in the rock under the house.  I don’t know how they got their two tiny cars into the garage.  I’ve seen bigger dog houses back home.  The side of the house facing the street was covered in vines.

The house had a garden on the second level with a fantastic view of Lake Como.  I would climb a narrow, steep stairway through an old tool shed to reach it.  The stairway was dark and full of cobwebs and old junk.  But as soon as I emerged from the gloom I could see across the lake to the town of Menaggio and the mountains beyond.  It was a nice place to read a book and gaze at the sailboats making their way across the lake.

view of Lake Como
The view of Lake Como from our apartment

Once we were settled in, we walked down the road to the beach.  The beach was not like a Caribbean beach or even a beach on a Minnesota lake.  The beach was on a raised plot of land made from cement walls in the lake.  It was covered in a coarse layer of dark, small pebbles.  There were uncomfortable plastic lounge chairs and big umbrellas.  A dock jutted out into the water.  A tanned man with a large abdominal scar in a blue swimsuit came to accept payment for renting his chairs for the afternoon.

It was here that the man was sending the boys flying into the lake.  The beach was crowded because it was very hot.  Many places here don’t have air conditioning so spending an afternoon at the beach is the thing to do.

I walked down to the dock and jumped in.  The water was cool and refreshing. I floated in a circle, taking in the view of the lake and the mountains all around me. I had to dodge a pack of wrestling teen aged boys to get out of the lake.  They were trying to give a “wedgie” to one boy.  Some things never change, no matter what country you are in.

Villa in Varenna
Villa Monastario in Varenna

Since we had a small kitchen in the apartment, we were going to cook some meals for the first time on the trip.  We walked about 50 yards to the center of the village to go to one of the two grocery stores.  This was not Costco.  The store was about as big as a single garage stall.  It was packed with basic food items and a large vacationing Italian family getting their sandwiches for a picnic.  I made my way to one corner to look at some drinks and got stuck there for several minutes.

The children couldn’t decide on what kind of sandwich to have made and I couldn’t get out of my corner. Eventually they left and I could continue browsing the tiny store.  You can only buy what you can carry, so it’s clear to me why most people here shop a little every day.  Need some milk or some potato chips?  Walk a few feet down the road from your house and buy some.  No need to get in your car and drive a mile or two.

Make sure to visit the store in the morning like the old women of the village do if you want any bread, because it will be gone by the afternoon.  The store didn’t have much selection but it did a booming business.

I walked down the street to the competition, the only other store in town.  This store had some of the same items, but it also had more fresh meats and cheeses.  I got some thinly sliced Parma ham, buffalo mozzarella, and a baguette.  I was set for lunch…

Every day I walked through Varenna to a neighboring town.  The walkway along the side of the road was very narrow and I had to be on constant lookout so I wouldn’t get hit by a car.  The route was along the lakeshore for most of the way and very picturesque.

A view of Varenna from a foot path along Lake Como

One day as I was coming back into Varenna, I saw a wedding party coming out of the 12th century church.  There were about 40 people in the party.  All of them were Asians. I think they were from Thailand.  I knew people came to this little romantic village to get married. However, it’s a long way from Southeast Asia.  The party stopped traffic as they walked down the main street, with the photographer getting a nice group shot with the old church in the background.

There were few streets in the town.  Instead, narrow paths called contradas were between blocks of houses.  A contrada was about eight feet wide, for pedestrians only, and was paved with rough stones.  Since the town was built on a hillside to the lake, the contradas were steep and slippery when wet.

Varenna contrada
A contrada in Varenna

Ferries sailed between the towns on the lake.  We went over to Bellagio on the other side of Lake Como one day to have lunch and shop.  The Las Vegas hotel must have been named after this Italian town.  Bellagio is a bigger town that was full of British tourists.  It had a lot of ristorantes and shops.  It seemed too touristy to me.  I liked it better on our side of the lake in Varenna.  It just seemed more authentic to me.

We saw the locals living everyday life in Varenna.  The old women talked to each other across the street from their respective house windows.  The old men sat in the square smoking and talking about the old days.  The church bells chimed on the hour, with more peals at mass time.  The two shopkeepers closed up their shops at 12:30pm for an extended lunch break.  If you wanted a snack before 4pm, it was too bad for you.  You were out of luck.

There wasn’t much happening in this town.  No big cultural attractions, sporting events, or fancy restaurants and shopping.  It was, however, tough to leave.


Fashion in Milan

The main shopping street of Milan was almost deserted.  The famous designer’s stores were still open, but there were few customers. It was late August in Italy and many people were on vacation.  The sales clerks in the stores clearly wanted to be on vacation.  The bored stares of the well-dressed Italian girls indicated that they were counting the minutes until closing time.

It was a sweltering afternoon.  The temperature was in the mid-90s and humid.  I darted into the high priced shops to cool off.  I had no intention of buying anything.  Thank you Mr. Versace for letting me get a respite from the heat.

Versace store in Milan
Thanks for the AC, Gianni

Milan is one of the capitals of fashion design.  Many of the shoes worn by the people of the western world are designed in the city.  The designer shops on the Via Monte Napoleone are some of the fanciest and most expensive on the planet.

fashion and statue in Milan, italy
The old and the new in Milan

None of the clothes interested me.  I was more interested in finding the nearest gelateria.  I think the flavor for me that day was stracciatella (vanilla with chocolate chunks).

After much wandering, I stumbled upon the Four Seasons Hotel.  Great, I have to go to the bathroom.  Toilets can be tough to find in big European cities when you need one.  Indeed, the lobby of the Four Seasons Hotel had the nicest bathroom in Milan based on my unofficial survey of one location.  Black marble, gold faucets, and individual cloth towels to dry your hands.  Excellent.

I took a seat in the lounge.  My feet hurt and a few minutes rest would do me good.  I was thirsty too.  Perhaps some needed liquids would perk me up so I could continue my tour of the old part of Milan.

A tall, impeccably dressed, handsome young man approached me.

“Good afternoon, sir.  Welcome back to the Four Seasons,” he said in a perfect BBC London accent. “What would you like, sir?”

It was actually my first time trespassing in this particular lobby, but I’m not telling. What I would like is to look like him and speak like him, neither of which was going to happen.

“I’ll take a look at the menu and let you know,” I said.  I was a little annoyed that he spotted me for an American.  Of course, the big camera around my neck and the baseball cap didn’t help my disguise.  I picked up the drinks menu on the table.

One peak at the menu and I knew I was in the wrong place to get something to drink.  A can of Coca-Cola was 11 euros.  That was about $16.  The same can back home at the grocery store would be between 30 cents and 45 cents, depending on whether you’re buying a twelve pack or a 24-pack, and depending on the sale.  Even less for a Big Gulp at 7-11 on a cost per ounce basis.  I guess location makes a difference.  It was a nice lounge, but not that nice.

shopping arcade in Milan, Italy
A shopping arcade in Milan, Italy

The mission to satisfy my immediate bodily needs was accomplished.  When the waiter was looking the other way, I sneaked out of the hotel.  I would get a drink somewhere else.  Maybe even at McDonalds.

shopping street in Milan
Louis Vuitton and McDonalds on the same street?